The Islamic View of Jesus PBUH

Monday, November 1st, 2010, 07:13 WIB
The Islamic View of Jesus PBUH

Title of Book :  The Islamic View of Jesus PBUH

Author :  Ibn Katheer

Translated by :  Tamir Abu As-Su'ood

Publisher :  Dar Al Manarah, Egypt, 2002

 

The personality of Jesus (PBUH) has been a subject of disagreement and controversy between Islam and Christianity. While Christians consider Jesus a son of God or God, Muslims believe that he is a mere Prophet of Allah whose mission was to confirm the Torah revealed before him, call to monotheism and give glad tidings of the coming of Prophet Muhammad after him. It was this difference over the personality of Jesus that has kept the followers of the two religions apart. However, Muslims do believe that Allah Almighty is far and above having a child or partner in His divinity, and therefore they reject any belief that over-exalts Jesus above what Allah wants him to be.

The book aims at presenting a true picture of Jesus in Islam, and shows how Christians deviated from his teachings. It also throws light on the beliefs that Muslim associate with Jesus, such as his Virgin Birth, being able to speak in the cradle, performing miracles, and the descent of Jesus before the end of the world.

Ibn Katheer states: He is Jesus, the son of Mary. He is Allah's bondman and Messenger. In the beginning of Surah Al-Imran, Allah, Exalted be He, revealed eighty three verses to refute the claims of Christians who called Jesus the son of Allah, far be Allah from all these claims. Ibn Katheer goes on to say that a Christian delegation from Najraan came to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), they mentioned that they believe in the Trinity and claimed that Allah is one of three; the Divine Being, Jesus, and Mary. Then Allah, Exalted be He, revealed the beginnig of Surah Al-Imran pointing out that Jesus is but a servant of Allah whom He created and fashioned in a womb as He did with other creatures; He created him without a human father just as Adam was born without either a human father or mother. Rather Allah said be and he was. Allah explains the birth of Jesus' mother, Mary and how she became pregnant with him, a story which was elucidated in Surah Maryam.

Ibn Katheer explains the Birth of Mary (PBUH), that Allah chose Mary from amongst the women of her time, and the Birth of Jesus (Eesa) (PBUH). Ibn Katheer states that Wahb Ibn Munabih states: When sings of pregnancy began to show on Mary, a man from Israeli worshiper was first to perceive them. This surprised him immensely; as he was aware she was pious, chaste and devout. One day, he broached the issue to her saying, "Could there be a plant stemming from no seed, Mary?". She answere, "Yes, who created the very first plant?". He asked, "Could a tree grow with no water or rain?". She answered, "Yes, who created the very first tree?". He asked, "Could a child be created without being conceived by a man?". She replied, "Yes, Allah created Adam from no man or women.". He said, "Tell me then your story.". Ibn Katheer also mentioned that Muhammad Ibn Is-haaq states that: the word spread among the Jews that Mary was pregnant. No people suffered what the people of Zechariah's house did. Some of the unbelievers accused her of having an affair with Joseph Al-nagaar; a pious man of her relations who used to join her in the mosque worshiping Allah. Thus, Mary went into seclusion, withdrawing from people, and retreated to a faraway place.

Ibn Katheer discussed where was Jesus Born? When were the four Divine Scriptures revealed? And that Jesus was aided by clear signs. He stated that it was narrated that when Jesus (PBUH) showed cogent proofs and crystal clear signs to the Israelites, most of them persisted in disbelief, arrogance, and errancy. They, moreover, plotted against him. Ibn Katheer also explains the story of the table spread for the disciples of Jesus and scholar disagreement regarding it, the raising of Jesus to heaven under Allah's protection, and the descent of Jesus before the end of the world.

The book aims to help our Christian brothers understand the attitude of Islam towards Jesus, and show clearly how Muslims respect Jesus and reject all what undermines his status. (Saber)