200FAQ on Islamic Beliefs

Monday, January 10th, 2011, 04:36 WIB
200FAQ on Islamic Beliefs

Name of Book :  200FAQ on Islamic Beliefs

Author :  Hafiz Ibn Ahmad Al Hakami

Translator :  Ali As-Sayed Al-Halawani

Publisher :  Dar Al-Manarah. Egypt 2001.


At the beginning it is written that "we need nothing better than to recognize Allah and acknowledge His Oneness, to invite the people to follow His Path and to correct their belief and warn them against falling into the darkness of polytheism and disbelief". This book covers a significant part of the issues relating to Islamic belief, faith, and the Oneness of Allah. It includes the basics of religion and the principles of Islamic monotheism. It outlines the straight path of the true religion (Islam). It covers the Faith, its characteristics and what nullifies it. Each statement is supported by clear-cut proofs. The book has been organized into the form of questions and answers to draw the attention of the reader.

The book has 223 questions and their answers. I'm going to quote some to give an overview about how the book asks and answers. The first question: "What is the first (religious) obligation on Allah's servants?". The book answers: "The first obligation on Allah's servants is to realize the purpose for which Allah, the Almighty created them. The purpose for which He took their covenant and sent them His Messengers and Books, and for which He created this present life, the hereafter, Paradise and hell-fire; and for which the inevitable would come true; and the Event would befall; and for which the Balance is set and the records fly; and for which there would be either happiness or misery according to which the lights would be divided. For any to whom Allah gives not light, there will be no light for them!"

In question 4: "What is worship?", the book answers: "Worship is a comprehensive word that refers to all which pleases Allah, and which He likes, viz., good words and deeds that are made manifest or concealed; and freedom from all which contradicts this". In question 8: "What are the conditions of worship?", the answer could be summarized as 1.) Sincere determination; 2.) Sincerity of intention; and 3.) Compliance with Islamic Law. The book then follows up questioning these three conditions to give more explanations in the answers.

In questioning what is Islam (question 13), the answer is "Islam means perfect submission to Allah; and testifying to complete Monotheism and freedom from polytheism and disobedience to Allah...", it follows up with quotations from Qur'an like An-nisa': 125, Luqman:22, and Al-Hajj:34. While in questioning: "What is the significance of the two testimonies (Shahadatayn) in Islam?", the book after answering follows up with some questions to give an extensive answer to the issues under discussion such as "What is the proof of the testimony that there is no God but Allah?", "What is the meaning of the testimony: There is no God but Allah?".

The book has a lot of textual proofs (from both Qur'an and Hadith) for a lot of issues such as, the message of Islam is a prerequisite of faith in Allah, befriend and declare enmity only for Allah sake, the meaning of faith, etc. Almost all the answers have textual proofs which made the book mainly depending on Qur'an and Hadith with a narrow space for reasoning the texts quoted as proof. It may help as a source of proofs for those who are searching for them to put them back in a reasoning context to have a better understanding.

Another example of giving extensive answers via questioning every single idea in the issue under discussion is "What is the meaning of the unity of Lordship of Allah?", the book follows up this question by "What is the opposite of the unity of Lordship of Allah?", "What does the unity of the names and attributes of Allah mean?", then questioning "The Most Beautiful Names of Allah", and so on, each question will deliver you to the following one which usually asks about something comes up from the previous question or its answer.

One of the most interesting questions I may end with is question 86: "What is the ruling concerning the one who says: "My pronunciation of the Qur'an is created?". The answer is: "It is not lawful to say such a statement either in the affirmative, or in the negative. This is due to the fact that, "pronunciation" is something between "pronouncing", which is an act of a man, and the "pronounced" which is the Qur'an. So, if it is said "My pronunciation of the Qur'an is created," this reflects the second sense and thus aggrees with the viewpoint of the Jahmis. If it is said "My pronunciation of the Qur'an not created", this implies the first sense, which is the action of man, and thus agrees with the viewpoint of the Ittihadyyiah. That is our pious predecessors said: "Whosoever says it is not created, he is heretic". (Saber)